Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia. Sydney has many open spaces and access to waterways, and has many natural areas, even in the city centre. Within the CBD are the Chinese Garden of Friendship, Sydney Park, Hyde Park, The Domain and the Royal Botanic Gardens.

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About Sydney

General Information about Sydney

Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia. Located on the south-east coast of the Tasman Sea, the city is built on hills surrounding Port Jackson which is commonly known as Sydney Harbour, where the iconic Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge feature.

Most of the metropolitan area is surrounded by national parks and the coastal regions feature many bays, rivers, inlets and beaches. Sydney is well-endowed with open spaces and access to waterways, and has many natural areas, even in the city centre. Within the CBD are the Chinese Garden of Friendship, Sydney Park, Hyde Park, The Domain and the Royal Botanic Gardens.

Sydney's Central Business District extends southwards for about 3 kilometres from Sydney Cove to the area around Central Station. The Sydney CBD is bounded on the east side by a chain of parkland, and the west by Darling Harbour, a tourist and nightlife precinct. Although the CBD dominated the city's business and cultural life in the early days, other business/cultural districts have since developed in a radial pattern.

Sydney often ranks highly in various world cities rankings. It has hosted major international sporting events, including the 1938 British Empire Games and the 2000 Summer Olympics.

Traveling Around Sydney

Public transport in Sydney consists of an extensive network of road transport as well as rail transport and water transport modes. Trains in Sydney are run by CityRail, a state-run corporation. Trains run as suburban commuter rail services in the outer suburbs, then converge in an underground city loop service in the central business district.

Sydney has one modern light rail line, Metro Light Rail, running from Central Railway Station to inner western suburb of Lilyfield. A monorail, Metro Monorail, runs in a loop around the main shopping district and Darling Harbour.

Most parts of the metropolitan area are served by buses. In the city and inner suburbs the state-owned Sydney Buses has a monopoly. Sydney has two rapid bus transitways called T-ways, built in areas of the western suburbs. State government owned Sydney Ferries runs numerous commuter and tourist ferry services on Sydney Harbour and the Parramatta River.

Sydney Weather

Sydney has a temperate climate with warm summers and mild winters. Rainfall is spread throughout the year. The weather is moderated by proximity to the ocean, and more extreme temperatures are recorded in the inland western suburbs. The warmest month is January. The coldest month is July.

Popular Sydney Locations

A few popular Sydney suburbs include:

Bondi Beach

Bondi Beach is a popular beach and the name of the surrounding suburb in Sydney. Bondi Beach is located 7km east of the Sydney central business district. Bondi Beach is about one kilometre long and receives many visitors throughout the year.

While the northern end has been rated a gentle 4 (with 10 as the most hazardous), the southern side is rated as a 7 due to a famous rip current known as the "Backpackers' Express" because of its proximity to the bus stop, and the unwillingness of tourists to walk the length of the beach to safer swimming. The south end of the beach is generally reserved for surfboard riding. Yellow and red flags define safe swimming areas, and visitors are advised to swim between them.

There is an underwater shark net shared, during the summer months, with other beaches along the southern part of the coast. Pods of whales and dolphins have been sighted in the bay during the months of migration. Fairy penguins, while uncommon, are sometimes also seen swimming close to shore or amongst surfers in southern line-up.

Numerous festivals and events such as the annual Miss Bondi beauty pageant have made Bondi Beach a popular destination among travellers. The beach has long captured the attention of poets including Joanne Burns, Les Murray and Brook Emery. The Vans Bowl-A-Rama skateboarding competition is held at the skate bowl in February every year.

Manly Beach

Manly Beach is a beach situated in Sydney's Northern Beaches. From north to south, the three main sections are Queenscliff, North Steyne, and South Steyne. Within walking distance of Manly Beach along the oceanway is Fairy Bower and Shelley Beach. There are shops, restaurants, night clubs, and dive bars in town.

Travelling to Manly from Sydney's main ferry terminal, Circular Quay, takes 30 minutes by ferry. The Corso, a pedestrian plaza and one of Manly's main streets for shopping and dining, runs from the ferry wharf and harbour beach, across the peninsula to Manly Beach.

The beach was named by Capt. Arthur Phillip for the indigenous people living there. He wrote about them, "Their confidence and manly behaviour made me give the name of Manly Cove to this place".

Hyde Park

Hyde Park, the oldest public parkland in Australia is a 40 acre park in the heart of Sydney. Hyde Park is on the eastern side of the Sydney city centre. It contains well-kept gardens and approximately 580 trees; a mixture of Hills Figs, palms, and other varieties. It is famed for its magnificent fig tree lined avenues.

Hyde Park was named after the original Hyde Park in London. Many sports are played at Hyde Park, including cricket, rugby, horse racing, quoits and hurling. The centre piece of Hyde Park is the Archibald Fountain. At the park's southern end is the ANZAC War Memorial behind the 'Lake of Reflections' or 'Pool of Remembrance' and the entrances to the Museum railway station.

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